Small Business Start up Guide on Making Smoked Fish or Tinapa – Smoked fish or Tinapa is fish cooked/preserved through smoking and is a Filipino native delicacy. It has a two-stage process: the brining part, which gives it a good salty taste and makes it moist; and the smoking part, which cooks the fish and gives it the smoky flavor.
Strainer Bowl, 8 pcs
Big Basins, 5 pcs
Trays (12×8 inches), 8 pcs
Fire charcoal, 20 packs
Sawdust / Wood shavings, 2 sacks
Brining Container, 5 pcs
Fishnet, 5 m
Polyethelyne plastic (.002” thick), 100 pcs
Weighing scale for fish
Plastic Sealer (for sealing of plastic bags)
Smokehouse (made to order), 2 pcs.
Electric Stove or Gas Stove, 1 pc
Bamboo Sieves, 8 pcs
Fresh Galunggong, 20 kilos
Salt, 1.5 kls. (for every 20 kilos of fish)
TIP: Smoked Fish products are available throughout the year because a wide variety of fish species like Lapad, Tunsoy, Banak, Kabasi, Hasa-Hasa, Galunggong and Tamban can be processed using the same technology. Except for Galunggong, all other species command a higher price.
1. Cut the fish along the back just above the backbone to split it open leaving the belly solid.
2. Remove all internal organs and blood.
3. Wash fish thoroughly with running water.
4. Prepare brine solution (i.e., mixture of water and salt). For 20-kg. fresh fish, use 4 gallons of water and 1.5 kls. of salt.
5. Place the fish in the brine solution for 30 minutes. Be sure that the fish is completely submerged.
6. Boil the brine solution for at least 5 minutes. Boiling the brine solution aids in maintaining the firmness of the fish.
7. Strain the cooked fish and arrange in bamboo sieves. Be sure that excess water is completely drained.
8. Partially sundry fish for 30-45 minutes. Make sure to cover fish with fishnet to avoid contamination.
9. Prepare smokehouse using charcoals and sawdust or “kusot” as fuel.
10. Put fish in bamboo sieves inside the smokehouse and cover. Smoking time varies according to size or dryness of fish. Longer smoking time makes storage longer.
11. Remove fish from bamboo sieves and let them cool in room temperature.
12. Weigh and wrap in plastic bags, then seal.
• Assumption: Fish Smoking is done for 22 days/month
• Sources on procedures:
- Sustainable Livelihood Options for the Philippines – An Information Kit (Coastal Ecosystem). Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR).
- Department of Science and Technology (DOST) – Industrial Technology Development Institute
1. Business Name Registration
Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) within NCR
a) 12/F, Trafalgar Plaza,
105 H.V. Dela Costa St., Salcedo Village, Makati City
Tel. No.: 811.8232 loc. 208
b) 2/F, Park N’ Ride, Lawton,
P. Burgos Ave., Dr. Basa St., Ermita, Manila
Tel. No.: 536.7153
c) /F, Highway 54 Plaza,
EDSA, Mandaluyong City (across SM Megamall),
Tel. No.: 706.1767
d) 5/F, Araneta Square Mall, Monumento Circle, Kalookan City
Tel. Nos.: 332.0854 / 332.0829
DTI Office in the province where the business is located
www.bnrs.dti.gov.ph for online registration
Validity: 5 years
2. Mayor’s Permit / Residence Certificate and Sanitary Permit
Municipality or city where the business is located
Validity: 1 year
3. Tax Identification Number (TIN)
Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR)
BIR National Office Bldg.
Agham Road, Diliman, Quezon City
Trunkline: (632) 981.7000 / 981.8888
BIR Regional or District Office where the business is
4. BFAD Certificate
Bureau of Food and Drugs (BFAD)
Civic Drive, Filinvest Corporate City,
Alabang, Muntinlupa City
Tel. No.: (632) 807.0721 / 842.5606
BFAD Office in the province where the business is located
Validity: 1 year
Small Business Corporation
17/F and 18/F, Antel Corporate Center,
139 Valero Street, Salcedo Village, Makati City
Tel. No.: (632) 751.1888
(Direct lending for individual borrower with an asset size of P500,000 – P100M)
People’s Credit and Finance Corporation (PCFC)
2/F, Accelerando Building,
395 Sen. Gil Puyat Ave., Makati City
Tel. Nos.: (632) 897.8521 or 752.3745
Fax No.: (632) 325.0448/49
National Livelihood Development Corporation (NLDC)
4/F, Hanston Building, F. Ortigas Jr. Road,
Ortigas Center, Pasig City
Tel. Nos.: (632) 914.7290 to 97 or 631.2955/57
Department of Science and Technology – Industrial Technology Development Institute (DOST-ITDI)
DOST Compound, Gen. Santos Ave., Bicutan, Taguig,
Tel. Nos.: (632)837.2071 to 82
Technology Resource Center (TRC)
TLRC Building, 103 J. Abad Santos cor.
Lopez Jaena Sts., Little Baguio, San Juan, Metro Manila
Tel. No.: (632) 727.6205
Technical Education and Skills
Development Authority (TESDA) Women’s Center
37 East Service Road, South Superhighway, Taguig City
Telefax No.: (632) 818.8062
Trunkline: (632) 814.4076 loc. 278